Tuberculosis also known as ‘TB’ is an infection which is an attack on the lungs or throat commonly however it can also attack other body parts including the lymph nodes, spine or brain. An HIV positive person has great chances of developing TB because they have a very weak immune system but if you take the suggestions and guidance from our HIV counselling doctors in India, along with proper medicines, the chances of getting TB in you gets lesser. You must keep your life healthy and hygienic. For people living with HIV, it is important to get the test for TB regularly.
How can I get TB?
The only TB that can pass from an infected person to a healthy person is Pulmonary TB. If a person suffering from TB coughs or sneezes in front of you, there are chances that you will get the infection. This is because the infection bacteria of TB can stay in air after an infected person sneezes or coughs and you breathe in the same air.
There are two type of TB which are active and inactive:
Active TB: Active TB spreads throughout the body and the illness is confirmed because the immune system fails to prevent it. There are some symptoms of Active TB which are as follows:
• a cough for more than 3 weeks
• extreme tiredness
• night sweats
• loss of appetite
• Weight loss.
If it is active extra-pulmonary TB the symptoms can be swollen glands or pain in the affected area.
Inactive TB: means that the person suffering from it can fight back the symptoms and the body the person cannot get sick.
What are the risks of HIV and TB co infection?
• It is not easy to diagnose
• It spreads faster
• If not treated it is fatal
• It can spread throughout the body
• It can come back even after the treatment is done successfully
• For drug resistant strains, this type of TB is really tough to treat